Criminal Justice

Best Bets

Library and Information Resources Network

http://www.lirn.net

ProQuest

ProQuest

Psychology Journals

InfoTrac

Gale Infotrac

Business, computer science, criminal justice, general academic, health and wellness, law, literature, newsletters, newspapers, opposing viewpoints, and reference with student resource center, Gale Virtual Reference Library and the InfoTrac OneFile.

Especially the following publications:

  • Criminal Justice Collection

elibrary

eLibrary

Selected periodicals, reference books, maps, pictures, and newspapers from around the world, along with transcripts of news and public affairs broadcasts.

 


 

Two Major U.S. Crime Measures

1.  Uniform Crime Reports
The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) provide official crime counts for the United States since 1930.  It is a program of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.  The UCR Program is a voluntary city, university and college, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement program that provides a nationwide view of crime based on the submission of statistics by law enforcement agencies throughout the country.  Data is collected on known offenses and persons arrested.
2.  National Crime Victimization Survey
The National Crime Victimization Survey is the Nation’s primary source of information on criminal victimization. Each year, data are obtained from a nationally representative sample of 76,000 households comprising nearly 135,300 persons on the frequency, characteristics and consequences of criminal victimization in the United States.  It is a program of the Bureua of Justice Statisticsand began in 1973.
The Nation’s Two Crime Measures
This two-page Department of Justice statement describes the purposes and advantages of the Uniform Crime Reports of the FBI and the National Crime Victimization Survey of the Bureau of Justice Statistics. After summarizing the collection methods that the two statistical programs use and highlighting the aspects of crime that each measures, the statement concludes with similarities and differences.


 

Major Agencies

A selected list of major agencies/organizations that produce and disseminate criminal justice data and statistics.

U.S. Department of Justice

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

Bureau of Justice Statistics

National Criminal Justice Reference Service

Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center

Bureau of Prisons

Drug Enforcement Administration

Federal Bureau of Investigation

National Insitute of Justice

Office of Juvenile Justice and Deliquency Prevention

U.S. Marshals Service

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Federal Judiciary/U.S. Courts

Justice Research and Statistics Association

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

National Center for Juvenile Justice

National Center for State Courts

National Consortium on Violence Research

Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse


 

National Crime Victimization Survey

National Crime Victimization Survey
The National Crime Victimization Survey is the Nation’s primary source of information on criminal victimization. Each year, data are obtained from a nationally representative sample of 76,000 households comprising nearly 135,300 persons on the frequency, characteristics and consequences of criminal victimization in the United States.  It is a program of the Bureua of Justice Statisticsand began in 1973.

Selected resources and publications from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Criminal Victimization in the United States – Statistical Tables
Presents 110 tables with detailed data on major variables measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).

Crime and Victims Statistics
Summary findings and additional resources.

Victim Characteristics
Summary findings and links to bulletins and crime data briefs discussing specific categories of victims (i.e. students, intimate partners, juveniles, age, race, etc.)  and types of crimes (i.e. identity theft, gang violence, sexual assualt, etc.)

National Crime Victimization Survey Resource Guide
This guide is from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data.  It gives an overview of the survey and methodology and discusses access to data files and options for online analysis.


 

Children & Youth

Child Maltreatment

Crimes Against Children Research Center
Reports on the Developmental Victimization Survey conducted by researchers at this center.

Child Maltreatment
This page from the Center for Disease Control’s Violence Prevention program includes fact sheets and links to data sources.

National Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect
Provides information about data sets from researchers in the child maltreatment field.

National Child Abuse & Neglect Data Systems
A data collection program of the Administration for Children & Families.

Juvenile Delinquency & Youth Violence

Juvenile Victimization & Offending, 1993-2003
Report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
“Presents findings about violent crime committed against or by juveniles from 1993 to 2003. Comparisons are made in the report between younger teens (ages 12-14), older teens (ages 15-17), and adults. Data are drawn from the National Crime Victimization Survey for nonfatal violent victimization and offending {rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault} among those 12 years and older, and from the FBI’s Supplemental Homicide Reports for fatal victimization and offending of the entire population. Analyses include characteristics of victim, offender, and of the criminal event such as weapons, location, and time of day.”

Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use
The Monitoring the Future study ongoing longitudinal survey of American Youth ask questions about behaviors, attitudes and values.  This annual publication reports the findings on adolescent drug use.  Data sets are archived with ICPSR.

National Center for Juvenile Justice
The National Center for Juvenile Justice is a private non-profit research organization devoted to understanding, prevention and control of child and family justice.  Publications provided on the website include statistical factsheets and reports, such as the annual Juvenile Arrests bulletin.

National Youth Survey
A longitudinal study conducted by the Institute of Behavioral Science at the University of Colorado.  In this study youth self-report deliquent behaviors.  Data sets are archived with ICPSR.

Office of Juvenile Justice & Deliquency Prevention Statistical Briefing Book
The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book (SBB) enables users to access online information via OJJDP’s Web site to learn more about juvenile crime and victimization and about youth involved in the juvenile justice system.

Youth Violence Data. View national and state trends and patterns. Visit http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/youthviolence/stats_at-a_glance/index.html for more information.

Youth Violence
This page from the Center for Disease Control’s Violence Prevention program includes fact sheets and links to data sources.

School Violence

Crime and Safety Surveys
This website compiles Data and reports produced by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) on the topic of school crime and safety.  This includes the School Survey on Crime and Safety and the School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey.

Indicators of School Crime and Safety
This is an annual report produced by the National Center for Education Statistics and the Bureau of Justice Statistics that presents the most recent data available on school crime and safety.  Online access is also available directly from the NCES website.  Print access is available in the Government Documents Library (Main Library, 3 West) at call number ED 1.347:.

School Violence
This page from the Center for Disease Control’s Violence Prevention program includes fact sheets and links to data sources.

 


 

Elderly

Crimes Against Persons Age 65 or Older
A report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics comparing crimes against persons age 65 or older with those in younger age groups using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey and the Uniform Crime Reports.

Elder Maltreatment
This page from the Center for Disease Control’s Violence Prevention program includes fact sheets and links to data sources.

National Center on Elder Abuse
A program of the U.S. Administration on Aging.  Look on the navigation menu under library for statistical resources.

National Committee for the Prevention of Elder Abuse
While no data is readily available on this website, lists of publications with relevant studies are cited.

 


 

Gender, Sexual Violence, and Intimate Partners

Bureau of Justice Statistics

Includes a number of reports on these issues, a selection of which are presented below.  Please review the publications page for a full listing.

Intimate Partner Violence in the United States
This webpage examines fatal and non-fatal violence by intimates (current or former spouses, girlfriends, or boyfriends) since the redesign of the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) in 1993. Data from 1993 to 2005 are examined in addition to aggregated data from 2001 to 2005.

Stalking Victimization in the United States
Presents findings on nonfatal stalking victimization in the U.S., based on the largest data collection of such behavior to date. Data were collected in a supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and sponsored by the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW).

Domestic Violence and Sexual Assualt Data Resource Center
The Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Data Resource Center provides information on how data are collected and used in the states. Funded by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, this Center seeks to identify the types of information currently being captured by state and local agencies.

Intimate Partner Violence
This page from the Center for Disease Control’s Violence Prevention program includes fact sheets and links to data sources.

Measuring Intimate Partner (Domestic) Violence
An overview of national surveys from the National Institute of Justice.

National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women
A project of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence, this website features research reports on sexual and domestic violence as well as links to relevant data sets for the study of violence against women.

Prevelance of Domestic Violence, Sexual Assualt, Dating Violence, and Stalking
This report from the U.S. Government Accountability Office provides an overview of relevant national data collection programs.

Selected Research Results on Violence Against Women
Citations and statistics presented by the National Institute of Justice.

Sexual Violence
This page from the Center for Disease Control’s Violence Prevention program includes fact sheets and links to data sources.

Violence Against Women Resouce Guide
This is a guide from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data.  It provides an overview of relevant data sets in the archive, including those available for online analysis.  Links to other topical websites are also included.


 

Drugs

Resources

Bureau of Justice Statistics

Drug & Crime Facts
This site summarizes U.S. statistics about drug-related crimes, law enforcement, courts, and corrections from Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and non-BJS sources.

Drug Enforcement Administration

Stats & Facts
National statistics on arrests and seizures, links to national studies and publications, and state fact sheets.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service

Drug Crime
Provides links to publications on drug related crime, manufacturing, possession, and trafficking.
National Drug Intelligence Center

National Drug Threat Assessment
NDIC’s annual National Drug Threat Assessment gives policymakers and counterdrug executives a timely, predictive report on the threat of drugs, gangs, and violence. We synthesize the views of local, state, regional, and federal agencies to produce a comprehensive picture of this threat.

Office of National Drug Control Policy
Research and reports from the White House. Includes reports and statistics from the National Drug Control Strategy, research reports, and state fact sheets.

Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration – Office of Applied Studies
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Office of Applied Studies (OAS) collects and reports on national and State data to assist policymakers, treatment providers and patients make informed decisions regarding the prevention and treatment of mental and substance use disorders.  OAS provides the latest data on (1) alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other drug abuse, (2) drug related emergency department episodes, and (3) the nation’s substance abuse treatment system.

United Nations – Office on Drugs and Crime

World Drug Report – Global Illicit Drug Trends
The World World Drug report provides every year one of the most complete pictures of the international drug problem available.

 


 

Terrorism Resources

National Counterterrorism Center
“The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) was established by Presidential Executive Order 13354 in August 2004, and codified by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA). NCTC implements a key recommendation of the 9/11 Commission: “Breaking the older mold of national government organizations, this NCTC should be a center for joint operational planning and joint intelligence, staffed by personnel from the various agencies.””

Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (WITS)
The Worldwide Incidents Tracking System is the National Counterterrorism Center’s database of terrorist incidents.

2008 Report on Terrorism
Reports on data collected from the WITS.  Reports on Terrorism from earlier years (1996-2005) are available on the FBI’s publications page.

Country Reports on Terrorism
These reports from the Department of State include a statistical annex which reports data from WITS.

National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START)
“The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) is a U.S. Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence, tasked by the Department of Homeland Security’s Science and Technology Directorate with using state-of-the-art theories, methods, and data from the social and behavioral sciences to improve understanding of the origins, dynamics, and social and psychological impacts of terrorism.”

Global Terrorism Database
The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2007 (with annual updates planned for the future).

Terrorist Organizational Profiles
The Terrorist Organization Profiles (TOPs) data collection provides background information on more than 850 organizations that have been known to engage in terrorist activity around the world during the last four decades.

Data
Complete list of data programs available through START.


 

Bureau of Justice Statistics

Corrections Statistics
This page from the Bureau of Justice Statistics provides summary findings, data collections, and related links.

A selection of major publications:

Prison Inmates at Midyear
Presents data on prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal or state correctional authorities on June 30 of each year, collected from the National Prisoner Statistics series.

Annual Survey of Jails
Collects intercensal estimates of the number of inmates in the nation’s local jails and data on the relationship between jail populations and capacities.  Data sets and related literature are available in the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD).

Census of Jails
Conducted every 5 years, detailing information on each facility, admissions and releases, court orders, programs that offer alternatives to incarceration, amount charged to hold an inmate for another jurisdiction, use of space and crowding, staffing, health care (including prevalence of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis), drug testing policies and practices, inmate work assignments, and education and counseling programs. Data sets and related literature from NACJD.

Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities
onducted approximately every 5 years, providing detailed information on the types of inmates housed, facility age and type, security level, court orders, programs, health and safety conditions, confinement space, employment, and operating costs.  Data sets, online analysis and related literature from NACJD.

Death in Custody Reporting Program
collects quarterly inmate death records from each of the nation’s 50 state prison systems, 50 state juvenile correctional authorities, and 3,095 local jails. In addition, this program collects quarterly records of all deaths during the process of arrest by each of the nation’s 17,784 state and local law enforcement agencies.  Statistical tables and publications are also available.

National Corrections Reporting Program
Collects data annually on prison admissions and releases and on parole entries and discharges in participating jurisdictions. Demographic information, conviction offenses, sentence length, minimum time to be served, credited jail time, type of admission, type of release, and time served are collected from individual prisoner records.   Data sets, online anlaysis, related literature and resource guide available from NACJD.

National Prisoner Statistics
produces annual and semiannual national and state-level data on the numbers of prisoners in state and federal prison facilities.


 

Juveniles

Office of Juvenile Justice and Deliquency Prevention

Statistical Briefing Book

Juveniles in Corrections

Juveniles on Probation

Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement
Census of indvidual level data on delinquent young persons held in residential facilities.

Juvenile Residential Facility Census
Census of the characteristics of juvenile residential facilities.  Search the OJJDP publications for regular bulletins.

National Juvenile Corrections Data Resource Guide
This guide from the National Archive on Criminal Justice Data provides a summary of OJJDP data collections and links to data sets.

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